By convention, scientific names are printed in italics. The first letter of the genus name is capitalised, and the rest of the name is in lower case. Sometimes the species is subdivided into varieties or subspecies. These words are often abbreviated and are not italicised e.g. our local Yellow Gum is Eucalyptus leucoxylon subsp. pruinosa
Common names are not italicised. There are two conventions for common names. The first is to use only lower case. The second is to capitalise each word. I have followed this second convention. For example, Australia's floral emblem is Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha. The phrase "the golden wattles were in flower" means "the golden-flowered wattles [of undisclosed species] were in flower. And "the Golden Wattles were in flower" means "Acacia pycnantha was in flower".
It can help in remembering names to know what the name means. For many of the plants in this publication I have given the name's meaning.
There are some common suffixes. for example
-ii or -i: Named in honour of a male, often the person who first discoved the plant e.g. Galium gaudichaudii.
-ana: named in honour of a male, often a botanist or patron. e.g. Aira cupaniana and Crassula sieberiana.
-iae: named in honour of a female. e.g. Lepidosperma curtisiae.
-ensis: native to a place e.g. Eucalyptus camaldulensis, first described from a tree growing in the monastery of Camaldoli