Is it a native?

Barnyard Grass - introduced (*Echinchloa crus-galli)

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The grass plant

barnyard grass barnyard grass img

Native Europe. Annual. C4.

Family. Poaceae (Grass family).

Moderately common. It is usually in damp places e.g. along roadside drains.


There is much variation in the appearance of Barnyard Grass, depending on the presence or absence of awns.

echinos: hedgehog; chloe: grass (Greek), referring to the bristly appearance of some species; crus: somewhat leg-shaped; galli: coming from France.

1. The upper lemmas are awned. 2, 3: Barnyard Grass with unawned lemmas. Castlemaine.