Plants of the Castlemaine District

Common Centaury - introduced (*Centaurium erythraea) and
Slender Centaury - introduced (*Centaurium tenuiflorum)

Scientific name index
Common name index

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Family: Gentianaceae (Gentian family).

Natives of Europe.

Occurrence: Both species are widespread, in bushland, grassland, roadsides, and weedy areas.


Common Centaury (Centaurium erythraea).

Slender Centaury (Centaurium tenuiflorum).

Intermediates are common, and it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the two species. Centauries are conspicuous plants in the summer bushland. Both Centauries are environmental weeds.

Centaurium: from the Centaur Chiron, from Greek mythology. He cured himself from a wound received from an arrow poisoned with the blood of the Hydra by using this plant.

Photo 1. Slender Centaury. Kalimna Reserve, Castlemaine. The leaves at the base have withered by flowering time, and the flowers are a deeper colour than those of Common Centaury.
2. Common Centaury. Irishtown.